Hundreds of angry demonstrators on Wednesday laid the bodies of at least 16 people killed in clashes in Central African Republic’s capital in front of the mission headquarters of the United Nations.
The Central African Republic, one of the world’s poorest and most unstable countries, has been mired in a cycle of ethnic and religious violence since 2013.
UN peacekeepers and local security forces have battled armed groups in Bangui’s PK5 neighourhood – a Muslim enclave of the majority Christian city – since Sunday aiming to dismantle their bases there.
One Rwandan peacekeeper was killed and eight others were wounded in fighting on Tuesday, the UN mission, known as MINUSCA, said, in the bloodiest flareup in two years brought hundreds of angry residents to the UN base.
The surge in violence coincides with a visit by Jean-Pierre Lacroix, the UN’s head of peacekeeping operations, to the country that has been mired in a cycle of ethnic and religious violence since 2013.
The demonstrators, who blame UN soldiers for firing on residents protesting against the operation in PK5, carried the bodies wrapped in cloth to MINUSCA’s gates.
They shouted and carried signs as armed peacekeepers stood before the entrance to the fortified compound.
"We, ourselves, no longer understand anything. Does their mission consist of shooting at civilians?" said one demonstrator, who gave his name only as Youssouf.
MINUSCA spokesman Vladimir Monteiro said mission troops had been targeting criminal gangs and denied they had fired at civilians.
"This is not an operation against communities and specifically the Muslim community. The Muslim community asked our troops to launch the operation and put an end to the criminal activities," Monteiro said.
He also criticised Wednesday’s demonstrators, saying: "We regret the fact that the bodies were being manipulated while they should be buried like every person who dies."
Atahirou Balla Dodo, the mayor of the Bangui district in which PK5 is located, said a total of 21 people were killed in the clashes. Seventeen were brought to MINUSCA, while four others, including two women and two children, had remained at a mosque.
The bodies were later removed from MINUSCA by the Red Cross.
Medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), which operates one of the main hospitals in Bangui, said it had treated more than 40 people for gunshot wounds on Tuesday.
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Violence increased in Central African Republic after mainly Muslim Seleka rebels ousted President Francois Bozize in 2013, provoking retaliation killings by "anti-balaka" armed groups, drawn largely from Christian communities.
Self-styled Muslim self-defence groups sprang up in PK5, claiming to protect the Muslim civilians concentrated there against efforts to drive them out.
But MINUSCA now accuses them of extortion and violence against civilians and said that the Rwandan peacekeepers came under attack on Tuesday, leading to a four-hour gunbattle